Will the UN General Assembly be able to address the health needs of migrant and refugee patients?
Board member Hussain Jafri reporting from the multi-stakeholder hearing of the UN General Assembly High-Level Summit on migrants and refugees 18-22 July 2016, United Nations, New York
The most vulnerable patients in the world
From the jungles of Central America, deserts of North Africa to the islands in the Mediterranean, migrants, refugees and internally displaced patients (MRIDPs) are now the most vulnerable group of patients in the world.
MRIDPs often leave with untreated chronic conditions from countries with collapsing health systems, arriving into countries with equally damaged health systems that are already struggling to meet the healthcare needs of their own patient groups. This is if you are lucky and do not encounter any militia, drug cartels or hostile forces along the way.
What most experts agree on is that even if you started your journey in a good state of health, you are most likely to develop physical and mental health problems on the way due to poor nutrition, lack of shelter, discontinued treatment and stress.
UN General Assembly steps in with fresh ideas on MRIDPs
On 19 September 2016 the UN General Assembly will host a High-Level Summit in New York to address the needs of the large movements of refugees and migrants in the world. The UN aims to bring countries together behind a more humane and coordinated approach to deal with this global crisis. The summit will be attended by heads of state and government, ministers, and leaders from the UN system, civil society, private sector, international organizations, academia, and beyond to support the General Assembly.
IAPO attended the first informal multi-stakeholder pre-hearing on 18-22 July 2016 that began the discussions amongst stakeholders on how to address the root causes of large movements of refugees. The discussion focused on how to put into place an infrastructure that ensures a safe and healthy passage of MRIDPs from their motherland to a new adoptive country. Earlier in May 2016 the 69th World Health Assembly held in Geneva had presented two reports on the health issues affecting MRIDPs. Member States had then discussed how to promote the health of migrants and what the WHO response should be in severe large scale emergencies.
Why is this important for IAPO?
MRIDPs are the most vulnerable group of patients now; the UN Summit in September has to address their health needs urgently and in a comprehensive manner globally. This issue is critical and causing a lot of unnecessary illness, death and suffering. It is important to IAPO because of:
- The number of patients involved. UN Refugee Agency estimates that there are nearly 65 million people at risk on all the continents.
- The need for new patient-centric treatment protocols and care-pathways for MRIDPs. Discontinued and intermediate treatment of patients on the move needs new protocols and health system arrangements to link them seamlessly.
- The need for resilient health workers who can work under-fire and who have unique skill sets. There is an acute need for culturally and linguistically competent health workers. These health workers need specialist clinical and social skills to deal with this type of patient group.
- The need for specialist acute care needs. There is a need for specialist health workforce that can deal with intensive and acute physical and psychosocial health needs of victims of torture, rape and mass trauma injuries. These patients often need to be treated on the move and in conditions of utter deprivation.
- Specialist legal and institutional framework. There several ratified international human rights standards and conventions in place to protect the rights of migrant and refugee patients, including their right to health. The UN General Assembly has to strengthen this or create a new legal and institutional framework support right to health on the move.
I came across one initiative that specialises in the acute health needs of victims of torture, through the charity Freedom from Torture (FFT); this medical foundation was set-up by physicians and other health professionals to solely deal with the care of patients who are victims of torture. FFT staff have unique guidelines, protocols and care-pathways to deal with the physical and mental trauma that no one else can treat in general settings.
We hope that on 19 September 2016 the health of MRIDPs is top most in the minds at UN General Assembly . MRIDPs will need specialist and intensive healthcare for a long time to come, some may live under this status for over 20 years.